New Delhi, Oct 6 (IEExpose) Indian women constitute 37 per cent of the total suicide deaths of women in the world in 2016. While Indian men constitute 24 per cent of suicide deaths in the world in 2016.
IndianExpose brings to its readers a shocking detailed study of ‘Gender differentials and state variations in suicide deaths in India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2016’ which is a part of study initiated under ‘The India State-level Disease Burden Initiative’ of the Indian Medical Council, Public Health Foundation of India, Institute of Health Metric and Evaluation in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare…
- Suicide death rate (SDR) was 1 times higher among women and 1.4 times higher among men in India than the global average in 2016.
- Suicide deaths in India increased from 164404 (95% UI 134 118–180 940) in 1990 to 230 314 (194 058–250 260) in 2016, an increase of 40·1% (95% UI 25·8–65·1).
- India had 864 million (16·4%) of the global population in 1990, and 81 040 (25·3%) of the 320 567 global suicide deaths among women and 83 365 (18·7%) of the 445 476 global suicide deaths among men.
- In 2016, India had 1316 million (17·8%) of the global population, but its contribution to suicides increased to 94 380 (36·6%) of the 257 624 global suicide deaths among women and 135 934 (24·3%) of the 559523 global suicide deaths among men.
- Suicide was the ninth leading cause of death in India in 2016 with an age-standardised SDR of 17·9 (95% UI 15·0–19·4) per 100000 population, accounting for 2·35% of all deaths with 94 380 (95% UI 84 002–104 274) deaths in women and 135 934 (94 305–151 239) in men.
- India’s contribution to global suicide deaths increased from 25·3% in 1990 to 36·6% in 2016 among women, and from 18·7% to 24·3% among men.
- India had 18% of the global population in 2016, but accounted for 37% of the global suicide deaths among women and 24% among men.
- Suicide was the leading cause of death in India among 15-39 year-olds in 2016; with 71·2% of the suicide deaths among women and 57·7% among men in this age group.
- The highest age-specific SDRs among women in 2016 were for ages 15–29 years and 75 years or older, and among men for ages 75 years or older.
- Most states had suicide death rate much higher than would be expected for their sociodemographic level among both women and men.
- The national level estimates mask the large variations seen in suicide deaths at the state level in India; there was a 10-fold variation between the states in the suicide death rate for women and 6-fold variation for men in 2016.
- Increasing suicide death rate among the elderly has also been observed over the past quarter century.
- If the trends observed so far continue, the majority of states in India that have 80% of the country’s population are unlikely to achieve the SDG suicide death rate target of one-third reduction from 2015 to 2030.
- The men-to-women ratio of SDR increased in every state of India from 1990 to 2016, although most of this increase was during the 2005 to 2016 period. There were however wide variations in this ratio between the states, ranging from 0·97 to 4·11. As compared with the 1·34 men-to-women ratio of SDR for India in 2016, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Goa, West Bengal and Uttarakhand had ratios of 1·15 or less; whereas Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Manipur, Haryana, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tripura had ratios of 1·80 or more, which included six of the eight states in northeast India.